متى انتهت الدوله السعوديه الاولى. متى انتهت الدولة السعودية الثانية وأسباب سقوطها » المنصة المعرفية

Sadleir, George Forster, Diary of a journey across Arabia, 1819, ISBN 0902675591• Forster Sadleir , Diary of a Journey Across Arabia, 1866 edition, Reprint 2013, ISBN 1909349957• Rank and file Ikhwan fighters formed units in a new military institution, initially the White Army, eventually the National Guard The History of Saudi Arabia
Bandar Salman Al Saud 1997

Sean Yom, Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa, 2020, ISBN 9781138354326• William Facey, Dir'Iyyah and the first Saudi State, 1997, ISBN 0905743 806• A History of Saudi Arabia.

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سقوط الدولة السعودية الأولى
Abdullah Mohammad Sindi, The Direct Instruments of Western Control over the Arabs: The Shining Example of the House of Saud• Forster Sadleir , Diary of a Journey Across Arabia, 1866 edition, Reprint 2013, ISBN 1909349957•
الدولة السعودية الأولى
Rank and file Ikhwan fighters formed units in a new military institution, initially the White Army, eventually the National Guard
الدولة السعودية الأولى
Georges Perrot, Professor in The Faculty of Letters, Paris; Member of The Institute, and Charles Chipiez
, The Arabian Frontier of the British Raj: Merchants, Rulers, and the British in the Nineteenth-Century Gulf, 2007, ISBN 0199228108• Ahmad Mustafa-Hakima, History of Eastern Arabia 1750-1800 ,1988, ISBN 0853820228• Adolf Grohmann, Arabia Volume 3, Issue 1, Part 3 p
Second Arab Oil Embargo, 1973-1974• Sean Yom, Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa, 2020, ISBN 9781138354326• : , The Journal of Scriptural Reasoning, 2009 8 1 Bandar Salman Al Saud 1997

Cambridge, England, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

تأسيس المملكة العربية السعودية وتاريخها العريق
Commins, David Saudi Arabia 2009
تاريخ السعودية
The Arabian Seas: Biodiversity, Environmental Challenges and Conservation Measures, Laith A
نشأة الدولة