معد بن عدنان. معد بن عدنان

Ancestry [ ] His father is , while his mother, Mu'ana bint Jahla, hailed from the South Arabian tribe 'Abdu'I-Muttalib whose name was Shayba , b
, the friend of the Compassionate More notable are his four sons, and progenitors of major tribal groupings: , , , and

Family tree [ ] Mu'ana bint Jahla Nizar ibn Ma'ad Tribal label [ ] The term Nizar is rarely attested in the pre-Islamic period.

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نزار بن معد
As the linguist and historian writes, "it is evident that we cannot speak of Nizar as a tribe which had a real historical existence nor, as is the case with the , as a comprehensive term indicating an effective grouping together of a number of tribes of different origin
ابن عدنان
Nizar is simply a fictitious invention, a label intended to serve political interests"
جمهرة أنساب العرب/ولد عدنان و الصريح من ولد إسماعيل
whose name was 'Amir , b
It is only after the in 684, which cemented the , that the term Nizar Banu Nizar or Nizariyya begins to appear frequently, being used as an ethnic and political marker, contrasting with the southern "Yemeni" Yamaniyya or "" Banu Qahtan tribes History [ ] The tradition states that Muhammad was the son of 'Abdullah, b
According to the Arab genealogists, Mudar and Iyad were sired by Sawda bint Akk ibn Adnan, and Rabi'a and Anmar by Hadala bint Wa'lan of the Jurhum whose name was 'Amr , b

whose name was al-Mughira , b.

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قضاعة بن معد بن عدنان
'the two sons of Nizar' was applied to the two large "northern" tribal groups of Rabi'a and Mudar, who were previously considered as unrelated
مضر
whose name was Zayd , b
تبار محمد
The term remained vague and malleable, however: attempts were made to reclassify the , originally of "southern" origin, as descendants of Nizar, since they were among the most important supporters of the "Nizari"
The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume VIII: Ned—Sam The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume VIII: Ned—Sam
The term Ibna Nizar lit

The tribes claiming descent from Iyad or Anmar, who in some sources were regarded as sons of Ma'ad, were only rarely considered part of the Nizari tribes.

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جمهرة أنساب العرب/ولد عدنان و الصريح من ولد إسماعيل
معد بن عدنان
قضاعة بن معد بن عدنان